We do not claim that all questions of American Constitutional Law are easily settled; that there is always an easy answer to what the Constitution allows; or to what it requires, or what it forbids. But there are obvious answers on some points. There are clearly defined functions mandated; others, clearly forbidden; as well as an overriding functional purpose. Yet nothing could be clearer than the fact that a Federal tax on wealth is totally contrary to both the letter & spirit of the Constitution of the United States.
Are those, who openly advocate such a tax, merely ignorant of the Constitutional specifics, too irresponsible to care, or so obsessed by hate & envy as to be no longer capable of a reasoned approach to public policy--indeed, compulsion driven to punish those who have dared to achieve above the multitude!
First, consider the premises, which had justified the Revolution that led to the Constitution. Thus, Jefferson, Franklin & Adams defined the very purpose of Government, with respect to the unalienable natural rights of each individual:
That to secure these Rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just Powers from the Consent of the Governed, that whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these Ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it,
Next, consider what the Founders instituted to secure those natural Rights, starting with the stated purpose (the Preamble) to the Constitution:
We the people of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
Has any nation achieved such purposes by confiscating the material accomplishments of its most productive citizens, after they had already been taxed when those accomplishments were first accumulated? Does any socially inclined species, with a modicum of intelligence, seek to advance by tearing down its high achievers? Do you secure the Blessings of Liberty for your posterity by punishing the most successful of any generation? Do those who wish to confiscate accumulations of great wealth, understand the self-sustaining mechanism, which provides decent employment for those not born with exceptional skills; that America thrived, as Great Britain had once thrived (before her stupid & disastrous acceptance of forced redistribution), precisely because she did not sabotage the accumulation of great wealth before ratification of the XVIth Amendment in 1913?
Now consider the relevant restrictions, taken from Article I, Section 9, of the Constitution:
No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.
No capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken.
In other words, you cannot punish people, by new Legislation, for what they have done in the past. The Founders did not believe that any man or women should be taxed directly for an amount greater than any other. That means no graduated income tax, no flat tax by a fixed percentage of income; no redistribution or social engineering by taxation; only the same dollar amount (per capita) for each of us.
Admittedly, the XVIth Amendment was adopted in 1913, to change the Section 9 prohibition, quoted; but note exactly how:
The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
A wealth tax is not a tax on income. It is a tax on accumulated wealth; the resources remaining after any & all taxes, to which the victim & his forbears have been subject throughout their lives, whether on actual income achieved in past years, or from gifts or inheritance.
While there may be situations where the Government can seize property for governmental purposes, as with eminent domain or wartime requisition, the Bill of Rights deals with that directly in the Fifth Amendment:
nor shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation.
The right of the individual to accumulate capital, to ascend a ladder of social objectives, and/or material wealth, has always been the American engine of individual success; but, also, the engine for sustained economic growth of society in general. We have always acclaimed success; always disdained the petty envy of those obsessed with jealous resentment of exceptional achievement.
In traditional America, those whom a Leftist mob would now tear down, have always been the role models for those who, wisely, would learn by example; those, who understand the value of emulation of that, which works best in a desired pursuit. Natural Law, Liberty & each individual's idiosyncratic Pursuit of Happiness, ever the essence of a true American ethos--the premises of our moral compass.
Our Constitutional purpose clearly embraced those premises. Those who would accept Socialism--or any variety of utilitarian collectivism, which sacrifices the natural & legitimate aspirations of the individual to the demands of the mob--clearly do not. Are those, who embrace Socialist premises, simply ignorant, both of Constitutional intent & how human societies actually progress, or so ideologically driven in pursuit of delusion, that they have become totally indifferent, even to a sworn duty to respect the premises behind our Federal Constitution in any action by the Federal Government? We suspect a good bit of both.
What the advocates of Socialism really are not, however, is insane. They may embrace evil means & evil ends, but they are neither insane nor altruistic--neither utopian nor pragmatic. As the serpent, playing on Eve's weakness in the Garden, they are grievance merchants, utilizing an ageless formula to undermine truth & reason, and any meaningful social progress.
In Jefferson's introduction to the Declaration, our defining spokesman altered slightly the traditional reference to "life, liberty & property," as primary natural rights, to Life, Liberty & the Pursuit of Happiness, reflecting his understanding that we are all not materialistic or utilitarian. Yet, certainly, the pursuit of wealth is, and has long been, a major factor in the pursuit of happiness for many Americans. The right to pursue, is not and never was a right or guarantee of success: No guarantee of success! But no ceiling on aspiration or achievement! The intended promise of America, in common sense & elemental fairness, was always a right to try.
Socialism, by contrast, attacks both liberty and the individual's idiosyncratic pursuits--the very quest to excel--in an effort to engineer an egalitarian collective. It is a denial of the dynamic forces which once made America the marvel of the world.
Here, as with his policy on access to experimental medicines, for treating otherwise terminal conditions, President Donald Trump understands & supports an American's right to try! on a wide variety of fronts, despite Socialist efforts to trash our heritage & seize our resources. While we thank God for Jefferson's understanding in 1776, and what followed, let us thank God for Trump's understanding today, as we rally to his banner: America must never accept the evil that is Socialism!
Conservative Debate Handbook>>
Chapter One---A Simplified Overview of the Constitution
Chapter Two--The Right To Keep & Bear Arms
Chapter Three--Leftist Word Games & Religious Freedom
Chapter Four--James A. Reed of Missouri's Summary Of League Of Nations Debate
Chapter Five--The Rape Of Tolerance (How The Left Keeps Indians and Negroes Dependent)
Chapter Six--James A. Reed Address on the "Voice Of The World"--Case Against Disarmament
Chapter Seven--The Lies Of Socialism
Chapter Eight--The Feminist War On Love & Reason
Chapter Nine--The Moral Bases Of A Political Society
Chapter Ten--Universal Suffrage: Threat To Liberty, No Guarantee of Virtue
Chapter Eleven--The Battle Over Patterns Of Personal Identification
Chapter Twelve--The Political Spectrum
Chapter Thirteen--How To Recognize The Bigot In The Argument
Chapter Fourteen--Economics & Common Sense
Chapter Fifteen--Immigration & The American Future
Chapter Sixteen--Myths & Myth Makers In American "Higher" Education
Chapter Seventeen--Issues In The Debate Over Abortion
Chapter Eighteen--An American Foreign Policy
Chapter Nineteen--"Civil Rights" vs. A Free Society
Chapter Twenty--Medicare--Panacea Or Death Potion?
Chapter Twenty-One--The Semi-Autonomous Family
Chapter Twenty-Two--Perspective & Focus--A Closer Look
Chapter Twenty-Three--Notes On Method & Purpose
Chapter Twenty-Four--Senator James A. Reed Demonstrates Effective Use Of Irony & Satire
Chapter Twenty-Five--Democracy In The Third World, Destructive Egalitarian Myth
Chapter Twenty-Six--A "Progressive" Income Tax--Destructive Socialist Misnomer
Chapter Twenty-Seven--The Persuasive Use Of Images
Chapter Twenty-Eight--Public Schools: Issues & Reality; Education & Politics
Chapter Twenty-Nine--Cause & Effect, Avoiding Obvious Error
Chapter Last--Conservative Potpouri
Postscript--A Note Of Caution As To Other People's Motives
American Foreign Policy At The Crossroads (Kosovo)
How The Welfare State Works!
Reverence In School>>
George Washington Thanksgiving Project
More Relevant Than Ever>>
George Washington's Farewell Address
Classic On State & Federal Relations>>
John C. Calhoun's Fort Hill Address
Rudyard Kipling On Absurdity Of Modern "Liberalism">>
"The Gods Of The Copybook Headings"
Kipling's "An Imperial Rescript"
Answer To Feminism
Fake "Liberalism" (Social Democracy), Communism & National Socialism>>
Compulsion For Uniformity
Left Undermines Biblical Faith>>
Cult Of "The Holocaust"--Golden Calf Of The 20th Century
Edgar Allan Poe On British Utilitarians
Poe On Creative Writing>>
Philosophy Of Composition
A Developing Literary Corner
Constitution of the United States of America
Introduction, Truth Based Logic
Archive: Older Essays & Historic Documents
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